Quantum dynamical phase transition in a system with many-body interactions | Solid State Communications
Quantum dynamical phase transition in a system with many-body interactions
E.P. Danieli, G.A. Álvarez, P.R. Levstein, H.M. Pastawski
Facultad de Matemática, Astronomía y Física, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina
Received 26 October 2006. Accepted 1 November 2006. Available online 16 November 2006. by R. Merlin.
Recent experiments, [G.A. Álvarez, E.P. Danieli, P.R. Levstein, H.M. Pastawski, J. Chem. Phys. 124 (2006) 194507], have reported the observation of a quantum dynamical phase transition in the dynamics of a spin swapping gate. In order to explain this result from a microscopic perspective, we introduce a Hamiltonian model of a two level system with many-body interactions with an environment whose excitation dynamics is fully solved within the Keldysh formalism. If a particle starts in one of the states of the isolated system, the return probability oscillates with the Rabi frequency ω0. For weak interactions with the environment , we find a slower oscillation whose amplitude decays with a rate . However, beyond a finite critical interaction with the environment, , the decay rate becomes . The oscillation period diverges showing a quantum dynamical phase transition to a Quantum Zeno phase consistent with the experimental observations.