Quantum Parallelism as a Tool for Ensemble Spin Dynamics Calculations | Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 120503 (2008)
Quantum Parallelism as a Tool for Ensemble Spin Dynamics Calculations
Gonzalo A. Álvarez1,*, Ernesto P. Danieli2, Patricia R. Levstein1, and Horacio M. Pastawski1,†
1Facultad de Matemática, Astronomía y Física, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 5000 Córdoba, Argentina
2ITMC, RWTH Aachen University, D-52074 Aachen, Germany
Received 19 October 2007; published 19 September 2008
Efficient simulations of quantum evolutions of spin-1/2 systems are relevant for ensemble quantum computation as well as in typical NMR experiments. We propose an efficient method to calculate the dynamics of an observable provided that the initial excitation is “local.” It resorts to a single entangled pure initial state built as a superposition, with random phases, of the pure elements that compose the mixture. This ensures self-averaging of any observable, drastically reducing the calculation time. The procedure is tested for two representative systems: a spin star (cluster with random long range interactions) and a spin ladder.
© 2008 The American Physical Society